How to make "Xuf Xuf"

Xuf Xuf is an exquisite flatbread that originates from the Harar region of Ethiopia, renowned for its culinary diversity and creativity. This type of bread is characteristically thin, making it a delightful companion for honey, stews, or simply by itself with a steaming cup of traditional Ethiopian coffee. The process of making Xuf Xuf is an age-old tradition, passed down through generations. The bread is often cooked over an open flame, adding an enticing smoky flavor to its taste profile.

This specific recipe, curated by Harari Cooks, aims to bring this traditional Ethiopian delicacy into your kitchen. With over 2.4K subscribers, Harari Cooks offers a plethora of easy-to-make, scrumptious dishes that pay homage to the rich Harari culinary tradition. This week, they share with us the time-honored recipe of Xuf Xuf, an Ethiopian whole grain flatbread, perfect for your breakfast or snack time.

Prep Time: 15 minutes

Cook Time: 20 minutes

Total Time: 35 minutes

Servings: 8-10 flatbreads

Nutrition Profile: High in fiber and protein, low in fat

How to make "Xuf Xuf"



  • 4 cups whole grain flour
  • 2.5 cups water
  • ½ cup sugar
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 egg



Step 1
Prepare the Dough: In a large mixing bowl, combine whole grain flour, sugar, and salt. Stir to combine.

Step 2
In a separate bowl, beat the egg and then add it to the dry ingredients. Gradually add water and mix it well until you achieve a smooth batter. The consistency should be thinner than a pancake batter, but not too runny.

Step 3
Rest: Cover the bowl and let the batter rest for about 15-20 minutes. This allows the flour to absorb the water and for the flavors to meld together.

Step 4
Cook the Bread: Heat a non-stick skillet or traditional Ethiopian Mitad (a large electric griddle) over medium heat. When the pan is hot enough, pour a ladle full of batter onto the center of the pan. Tilt the pan around to spread the batter into a thin circle, much like you would do with a crepe.

Step 5
Cook the flatbread for about 2-3 minutes on one side or until you see bubbles appearing on the surface and the edges start to lift from the pan. Flip and cook for another 1-2 minutes.

Step 6
Serve: Transfer the cooked Xuf Xuf to a plate and cover with a clean kitchen towel to keep them soft and warm. Repeat with the remaining batter.

Step 7
Your Xuf Xuf is ready to serve! Enjoy it with a drizzle of honey, a pat of butter, or alongside your favorite Ethiopian dishes.

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